He finished 7 grades of Krasnyanskaya secondary school. In 1936 he graduated from Ostrogozhsky pedagogical school. He was also studying at the Voronezh pedagogical institute.
He was surrounded along with the subdivision in the area of the village of Beynary (Braslav district, Vitebsk region) on June 14, 1944 . Had been repulsing the enemy's attacks with the soldiers for several hours, occupying a circular defense.The battalion managed to break through the encirclement ring, but Major Zhdanov was mortally wounded in this battle on June 15,1944.