Bachelor, Cornell University, 1961. Postgraduate, Free University, Berlin, 1962. Master of Arts, University California, Berkeley, 1964.
Doctor of Philosophy, University California, Berkeley, 1966.
Assistant professor English University California, Riverside, 1966—1973, member faculty, 1971—1972, co-director, California summer program linguistics, 1973. Associate professor English MacMurray College, Jacksonville, Illinois, 1973—1981, chairman English department, 1973—1983, professor, since 1981. Visiting professor English Texas Agricultural and Mechanical University, 1987.
Member of American Association of University Professors, Modern Language Association, American Dialect Society (executive secretary since 1981), Medieval Academy America, American Council Learned Societies, Linguistic Society America, National Council Teachers English, Commission on English Language, Conference Administrative Officers of America Council Learned Societies, Phi Kappa Phi, Phi Beta Kappa.
Children: Stephen, David, Michael, Sara.