Andrzej Duda Edit Profile
Duda attended Jan III Sobieski High School, Kraków. He subsequently studied law at the Jagiellonian University. In October 2001 he was appointed as an assistant (holding M.A.) in the Administrative Law Department of Jagiellonian University. In January 2005, Duda also obtained a PhD degree in law at the Jagiellonian University Due to his political career, he has been mostly on unpaid leave (from the university) since September 2006, except for a 13-month interval beginning in September 2010, when he returned to the university.
The five-year term of Andrzej Duda began on August 6, 2015 with taking an oath of office during a National Assembly session.
Duda rejected the European Union's proposal of migrant quotas to redistribute asylum seekers, saying: "I won’t agree to a dictate of the strong. I won’t back a Europe where the economic advantage of the size of a population will be a reason to force solutions on other countries regardless of their national interests."
Eventually former Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz declared that Poland, as an expression of “European solidarity”, would take in 2,000 people over the next two years, mainly from Syria and Eritrea (out of 3,700 originally requested).
Duda and Croatian President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović were the originators of the Three Seas Initiative.
His approval ratings are high – In September 2017, his approval rating stood at 71% and in February 2018, at 72%. A record surpassed only by Aleksander Kwaśniewski from 1995 to 2005, whose approval ratings surpassed 75%.
On November 16, 2015, basing on Art. 139 of the Constitution of Poland, Duda pardoned former Central Anticorruption Bureau (CBA) head Mariusz Kamiński and three CBA officers convicted by a court of 1st instance in the so-called "Land Affair, marking the first pardon granted by a president before reaching a final verdict. According to some lawyers (including professors Jan Zimmermann – Andrzej Duda's doctorate promoter, Leszek Kubicki – former Minister of Justice and Andrzej Zoll – former president of the Constitutional Tribunal) Duda breached the Constitution of Poland.
Duda is a devout Catholic, and the Church is very important to him. He took part in religious ceremonies on many occasions, including Midnight Mass, the blessing of food on Holy Saturday, or the Corpus Christi procession in Kraków.
Duda began his political career with the now-defunct Freedom Union Party in the early 2000s, but after the parliamentary elections in 2005, began his collaboration with the Law and Justice Party (PIS). On 26 May 2015, he officially resigned from party membership.
On 28 December 2015, Duda signed the Constitutional Tribunal bill (passed on 22 December 2015 by the Sejm), which unequivocally breaches the Constitution of Poland according to the National Council of the Judiciary of Poland, the Public Prosecutor General and the Polish Ombudsman.
In June 2016, Duda rejected appointing 10 judges selected by the National Council of the Judiciary of Poland.
In July 2017, about 50,000 people demonstrated in Warsaw against changes in the justice system. On July 24, Duda informed the public he had decided to veto two controversial judicial bills backed by the government and passed by both houses of the Polish parliament. The President's spokesman subsequently said that the third act – the common courts bill – would be signed. The veto was just one example of Duda opposing the policies of PiS.
On February 6, 2018, Duda said that he would sign into law the "Holocaust bill", making it illegal to accuse 'the Polish nation' of complicity in the Holocaust and other Nazi atrocities, a measure that has roiled relations with Israel and the United States, with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu going as far as accusing the Polish government of Holocaust denial.
He is supporting the government which is violating constitutional laws and introducing an authoritarian rule in Poland. He is also facing massive opposition in Poland by the democratic liberal and western-oriented majority of the society.
Quotations: Duda rejected the European Union's proposal of compulsory migrant quotas, saying: "I won’t agree to a dictate of the strong. I won’t back a Europe where the economic advantage of the size of a population will be a reason to force solutions on other countries regardless of their national interests."
From 2007 to 2008 he was a member of the Polish State Tribunal.
In the 2011 parliamentary election, where he received 79,981 votes for the Kraków area, and thus became a member of the Sejm.
Duda remained a member of the Sejm until he was elected to the European Parliament in 2014.
He is a keen skier and while studying participated in the Polish Academic Championships in the Alpine skiing category.
Duda is married to Agata Kornhauser Duda, a well-known writer, translator, literary critic , and a teacher of German language at Jan III Sobieski High School in Kraków. They had met at a party while still attending rival schools and have been married since 21 December 1994. Together they have one daughter, Kinga, born in 1995, now also studying law. His father-in-law is Julian Kornhauser, a well-known writer, translator and literary critic.
August 6, 2015 - present