Doctor of Medicine, University Oulu, 1980. Doctor of Philosophy, University Oulu, 1985.
House officer University Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 1981—1985. Glaucoma research fellowship Tufts- New England Medical Center, Boston, 1985—1986. Lecturer University Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 1987—1991.
Senior physician and head of glaucoma service University Oulu, Finland, 1992—1995, associate professor and clinic head Finland, 1995—1999, professor ophthalmology Finland, 2000—2005, head institute clinical medicine, since 2008. Clinic head Northern Ostrobithnian Hospital District, Finland. Board member Finnish Ophthalmological Society, Finland, 1990—1991.
Evaluator Finnish Quality Award, Finland, 1997—1997, Kuopio University Hospital, Finland, 1999—2000. Auditor of University foundation University Oulu, Finland, since 2002. Board member Ministry of Health, advisory board for health care professional, Finland, since 2004.
Member (criteria for access to care) Ministry of Health, National Project of Safeguarding the Future on Health Care Services, 2002—2005. President Finnish Ophthalmological Society, Finland, 1998—1999. Member Closed society of the International Congress of Ophthalmology, Glaucoma Society, since 1999.
Secretary of the oulu society Finnish Medical Society Duodecim, 1991—1991, representative at the quality council, Finland. Executive board member European Glaucoma Society. Member Committee for Continuous Medical Education, Medical Faculty, Finland, 1996—1999.
Co-chair Committee Continuous Medical Education, Medical Faculty, Finland, 2000—2002. Chair Committee for Continuous Medical Education, Medical Faculty, Finland, since 2002. Secretary Glaucoma Research Society, since 2008.
Children: Hanna Emilia, Eveliina Maria.