Bachelor of Science, Eastern Michigan University, 1965. Master of Arts, University Michigan, 1969. Postgraduate, Western Michigan University, 1981.
Algebra and geometry teacher, Eaton Rapids (Michigan) Public Schools, 1965-1966;
mathematics, geography and business teacher, Hartland (Michigan) Consolidated Schools, 1966-1967;
assistant professor, Ferris State University, Big Rapids, Michigan, 1969-1981;
associate professor, Ferris State University, Big Rapids, Michigan, 1981-1991;
professor, education & social science liaison, Ferris State University, Big Rapids, Michigan, since 1991. Member of advisory board Mecosta-Osceola Alternative School, Big Rapids, since 1987. Vice chair University ednl.planning committee Ferris State University, 1978-1981, member outcomes assessment county, since 1992.
Chair History-Archival Advisory committee, 1994-1995.
Member National Education Association (local secretary 1976-1978), American Association of University Women (Michigan policy review committee 1983-1985, Big Rapids branch chair Educational Foundation/Booksale committee 1980-1991, Michigan board directors 1981-1985, Big Rapids branch president 1985-1989, Named Gift recipient 1983), Business and Professional Women/United States of America (Mecosta County Woman of Year 1987, local organization president-elect 1988-1989), Medical Library. Association, Michigan Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters (section chair 1984-1985), Michigan Library. Association (roundtable secretary-treasurer 1987-1988), Phi Delta Kappa (chapter president 1983-1984, 92-94, research representative since 1994).