Anna Karavaeva studied at the Faculty of History and Philology of the St. Petersburg Higher Women's Courses since 1913.
Since 1928 she lived in Moscow. Her first job was a chief editor of the magazine "Young Guard" (1931-1938). She was author of novels, short stories, plays (collected works, Moscow, 1957-1958; volume 1-5), including the trilogy novel “Motherland” (1943-1950).
In November 1929, Karavaeva visited the city of Voronezh, where she spoke at the open city meeting of the local association of proletarian writers, met with readers. In January 1930, Karavaeva again visited Voronezh.