Bachelor, Exeter University, England, 1964. Doctor in Economics (honorary), Stockholm School of Economics, 1999.
Tutor, assistant lecturer University Exeter, England, 1965-1969. From lecturer to reader economics University York, England, 1969-1979, professor England, since 1979, pro vice chancellor England, 1991-1994, deputy vice chancellor England, 1994-1997, director health development York, England, 1997—2001, head department economics England, 1986-2000. Chief scientist Institute Health & Work, Toronto, Canada, 2003—2006.
Adjunct scientist IWH, since 2006. Professor Health policy & Systems Design, since 2007. Ontario chair, since 2007.
Adjunct professor University Toronto, Canada, 1989—2007, visiting professor, 1991. Visiting professor Otago, University, New Zealand, 1979, Queen's University of Canberra, 1976, Trent University of Canberra, 1985-1986, Center Institute of Technology, New Zealand, 1996. Member Central Research and Development committee National Health Service, London, since 1991.
Chairman National Health Service Taskforce on Research and Development Funding, 1993-1994. Chairman committee on guidelines in economic evaluation of pharmaceuticals Department Health, 1997-1998. Vice chairman North Yorkshire Health Authority, 1996-1999, National Institute Clinical Excellence, since 1999.
Deputy chairman Office Health Economics, 1998-1999, chairman, since 2000. Advisory on Research and Development to High Security Psychiatric Services Commission Board, 1996-1999, National Health Service director of Research and Development, 1997-1999. Member Overseas Trade Services Healthcare Sector Group, 1998—2001, British Council Advisory Committee, 1996-1998.
Member population health program advisory committee Canada Institute Advanced Research, 1995—2000, Institute Work and Health Research Advisory Committee, Canada, 1997. Chairman Northeast Yorkshire Area of Royal School of Church Music, since 1996.
Told by noneconomic students of social policy and by fellow economists in the 1960s that icsource allocation in the social services was not a proper economic
subject, I risked an economist’s career devoted to the contrary view and rapidly earned the enmity of the left for No. 1 in the above lists of books and articles and that of the right for No. 4 in the book list. Having thus established my impeccable credentials for impartiality in a politically treacherous terrain, the main thrust of my work has been in trying to provide suitable conceptual material, case studies and general propaganda to enhance effectiveness, efficiency and fairness at all levels of responsibility for the finance and organisation of the welfare state, especially health services and health-related activities, both public and private.
The search for a satisfactory rationale for that extraordinary institutional feature of the twentieth century, the welfare state, has been a connecting thread throughout. This main stream has had tributaries, mostly concerning other aspects of applying welfare economics to phenomena, puzzles and problems both as economists and as real decision makers see them.
Trustee Canada Health Services Research Foundation, 2000-2005. Member Council Royal School Church Music, since 2002. Fellow Academy Medical Sciences, Royal Society Arts.
Member Health Economists' Study Group (founding chairman 1970-1985).
Married Sieglinde Birgit Kraut, August 26, 1966. Children: Thomas Wolfgang, Alexandra Naomi.