Bachelor, University Pennsylvania, 1972. Doctor of Philosophy, Harvard University, 1978.
Research associate National Bureau Economic Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1978-1981. Assistant professor economics University Rochester, New York, 1979-1981. Department assistant secretary for income security policy Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, 1981-1984.
Tax consultant Price Waterhouse, 1984-1985. Economist World Bank, Washington, since 1985. Economic consultant, expert witness Rochester area law firms, 1979-1981.
Member Phi Beta Kappa.