Bachelor of Arts, Yale College, 1934; Bachelor of Laws, Columbia University, 1937.
General practice law, New York City, 1937-1942; attorney, unites states department Justice, Washington, 1942-1943; special assistant to attorney general Tom Clark, New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania, 1946-1947; chief civil rights section, Department Justice, Washington member United States delegate to United Nations, Department Justice, Washington, 1947-1948; Midwest director, Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, Chicago, 1948-1985.
Served with Army of the United States, 1943-1946, European Theatre of Operations.
Married Charlotte Zion, September 27, 1949. Children: Bernard Joshua, Julie Beth.