Badruddin Tyabji returned to India in 1867 and became the first Indian solicitor. One other brother was sent to Najran province of Saudi Arabia for religious studies. After learning Urdu and Persian at Dada Makhra"s Madrassa, he joined Elphinstone Institution after which he was sent to France for eye treatment following which he joined Newbury High Park College in London at the age of sixteen.
He passed the London Matriculation and joined the Middle Temple.
He became the first Indian Barrister in Mumbai in April, 1867. He accepted a Judgeship of the Bombay High Court in 1895.
In 1902, he became the first Indian to hold the post of Chief Justice in Mumbai. He was also active in women"s emancipation and worked to weaken the zenana system.
He — along with Pherozshah Mehta, Kashinath Trimbak Telang and others — formed the Bombay Presidency Association in 1885.