Master of Arts, Victoria University, Wellington.
Clerk Department Foreign Affairs, Wellington, 1952-1954, Dunlop New Zealand Ltd., 1954-1957, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Wellington, 1957-1958. Administrative and consular attache New Zealand High Commission, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 1959-1960. Attache New Zealand Mission, Jakarta, Indonesia, 1960-1961.
Registrar Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Wellington, 1962-1963. 2d and 1st secretary New Zealand Embassy, Washington, 1963-1967. Acting and deputy head economic division Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Wellington, 1968-1969, 74-75.
1st secretary economic affairs New Zealand Embassy, Paris, 1969-1973. Deputy high commissioner New Zealand High Commission, Suva, Fiji, 1975-1977, Ottawa, Canada, 1977-1981, New Delhi, Bangladesh, India, 1981-1982. Ambassador to Nepal, 1981-1982, Baghdad, Iraq, 1983-1985, Santiago (Chile), Brazil, 1985-1988, Lima (Peru), Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, since 1988.
Married Joan Aroha Kermode, November 3, 1961. 3 children.