Bachelor, Faculty Law and Economics, Aix-en-Provence, 1963. Master, Faculty Law and Economics, Aix-en-Provence, 1964. Doctor of Philosophy, Faculty Economics, 1970.
Doctor of Philosophy, Faculty Pantheon Sorbonne, 1973.
Assistant professor Faculty Economics, Aix-en, 1966—1973. Professor Faculty Law and Economics, Turis, 1974—1977. Professor economics Faculty Economics University Mediterranean, since 1978.
Consultant in field.
Married Elisabeth le Fraper du Hellen, July 17, 1964. Children: Stephan, Alicia.