Bachelor, Duns Scotus College, Southfield, Michigan, 1940. Licence in Sacred Scripture, Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, Rome, 1950. Doctor of Sacred Theology, Pontificium Athenaeum Antonianum, Rome, 1951.
Lector Generalis Ordinis Fratrum Minorum, Studium Biblicum Franciscanum, Jerusalem, 1951. Doctor of Humane Letters (honorary), St. Bonaventure University, New York, 1992.
Assistant pastor St. Boniface Catholic Church, Peoria, Illinois, 1944—1945. Seminary professor Holy Family Catholic Seminary, Oldenburg, Indiana, 1945—1946, 1951—1952, St. Anthony Franciscan Seminary, Tokyo, 1954—1995. Director Studium Biblicum Franciscanum, 1956—2002.
Executive committee, co-editor Japan Interconfessional Translate, Tokyo, 1970—1987, chair committee, 1987—2004. Member editorial staff Japan Christian Quarterly, Tokyo, 1977—1979.
Sunday auxiliary chaplain United States Army/United States Air Force, Japan, 1953—1970. Member of American School Oriental Research, Catholic Biblical Association Great Britain, Studiorum Novi Testamenti Society, Catholic Biblical Association American, Old Testament Society Japan, Society for Study of Japanese Bible Translating (contributing member since 1969), Ecumenical Association Japan (charter member and board director 1965—2006), New Testament Society Japan (board director 1973-1999).