Bachelor, Luther College, 1948; Master of Arts, Long Beach State University, 1961; diploma, Institute Children's Literature, Connecticut, 1997.
Teacher, Peterson (Minnesota) H.S., 1948-1949; teacher, Stockton (Illinois) H.S., 1949-1950; editor, N.W. Newspapers, Chicago, 1950-1951; secretary, Delta Star Electric, Chicago, 1951-1952; editor, secretary, California Taxpayers Association, Los Angeles, 1952-1953; parish worker, St. Timothy Lutheran Church, Lakewood, California, 1953-1956; teacher, Rancho Alamitos H.S., Garden Grove, California, 1958-1961; teacher, Lowell H.S., Whittier, California, 1961-1963; teacher, United States Peace Corps, Aba, Nigeria, 1963-1966; teacher, Sunny Hills H.S., Fullerton, California, 1966; teacher, United States Agency for International Development, Uganda, 1966-1970; teacher, Morongo Unified School District, Twenty-Nine Palms, California, 1971-1985; retired, Morongo Unified School District, Twenty-Nine Palms, California, 1985; member adjunct faculty department English, humanities, Copper Mountain Campus, College of the Desert, Joshua Tree, California, 1986-1997; retired, Copper Mountain Campus, Joshua Tree, California, 1997. Teacher English language Ednl. Superior vena cava syndrome Exch. with China, Jiading, summer 1990, Changchun, summer 1993.
Member National Council Teachers of English (judge high school writing), California Retired Teachers editor newsletter chapter 62), Morongo Teachers Association (editor newsletter), California Association Teachers of English, Delta Kappa Gamma (treasurer 1981-1982), Iota Iota chapter, Lambda chapter Minnesota, California Teachers Association.