Bachelor of Science, Stockholm University, 1969. Doctor of Philosophy in Political Science, Linkoping University, 1978.
Professor political science University Stockholm, 1978—1983. Secretary to former Prime Minister Tage Erlander, 1970-1974. Municipal councilor Solna, 1978—1996.
Member SDP Program Commission, 1987—2001. Member Parliament, since 1994. Minister trade, industry and commerce, 1996.
Minister defense, 1997—2002. Speaker Parliament, Sweden, 2002—2006. Visiting professor United States.
Researcher in field.
Military service Enkoping and Stockholm.
Married; four children.