University of Toronto (Bachelor of Arts, Honour, 1963. Bachelor of Laws, 1966). Counsel, Ontario Select Committee of the Legislature on Taxation, 1968.\r\nMember, Provincial Government Committee on Negotiation Procedures in the School System in Ontario, 1972.
Appointed Queen's Counsel, 1980.
Worked at Smith Lyons (Toronto, Ontario) specializing in Administrative and Public, Central and Eastern Europe, Environmental, Governmental Representation, Municipal and Planning, Real Estate and Development, Trade. Admitted to the bar, 1968, Ontario.
Canadian Bar Association. International Council of Shopping Centres. International Commission of Jurists.