Student, Syracuse University, 1938-1940; student, Transylvania U., 1941-1942; student, Harvard School Overseas Administration, 1943-1944; Bachelor of Arts, University of California, Berkeley, 1950.
Manager college department, Foundation Press, New York City, 1950;
representative, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1950-1958;
director, Washington State History Society, Tacoma, 1959-1984;
director emeritus, Washington State History Society, Tacoma, since 1985. Visiting lecturer Fort Steilacoom College, 1985-1986, U. Puget Sound, 1974-1976. Consultant U. Washington Press, 1956-1958.
Chairman Governor Washington Boundary Survey Council,1960-1961, Washington Civil War Centennial Commission, 1960-1965, Pacific N.W. History Conference, 1960, 63, 78, Washington American Revolution Bicentennial Commission, 1970-1976.
Trustee Tacoma Art Museum, 1960-1962, Allied Arts, 1962-1965. President Tacoma Community College Friends of the Library, 1981-1983. Served with United States Army Air Force, 1943-1946.
Member Manuscript Society, American Association State and Local History, Bibliographical Society of America, Western History Association, American Studies Association (secretary-treasurer 1961-1964), Council Regional Research (secretary 1959-1984), American Folklore Society, American Antiquarian Society, Sons of the Revolution Clubs: University Union (trustee 1966-1970), Tacoma, Clan Donald.
Married Esther Buschman, November 7, 1947. Children: Philip Alden, Carolyn Sue (deceased).