Bachelor with honors, University of Virginia, 1953; Master of Arts, Yale University, 1954; Doctor of Philosophy, Yale University, 1961.
Instructor French, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, 1955-1959;
assistant professor French, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1961-1966;
associate professor French, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1966-1971;
professor French, U. Kansas, Lawrence, since 1971;
department chairman French, Italian, U. Kansas, Lawrence, 1971-1976;
professor African Studies, U. Kansas, Lawrence, since 1989;
director, Institute of Haitian Studies, since 1992;
United Nations observer, Haiti, 1993-1994. Consultant on Haiti unites states department Justice, since 1988, United States Immigration and Naturalization Svc., 1991-1992. Lecturer Kansas Committee on the Humanities, since 1991.
Consultant on Haitian Creole, Indiana U., since 1991. United Nations adviser, Haiti, 1995.
Member Modern Language Association American (life), American Association Teachers French (life), Haitian Studies Association (board directors), Society for Caribbean Linguistics, Association Internationale d'Etudes Créoles, Lawrence Symphony Orchestra, Alvamar Country Club, Phi Beta Kappa.
Married Stephanie Lynn Smith. 1 child, Timothy Oliver Freeman.