Bachelor of Fine Arts, U. Iowa, 1939; postgraduate, U. Iowa, 1939-1941; Master of Fine Arts, U. Iowa, 1947; postgraduate, Cranbrook Academy Art, summers 1947-1948; postgraduate, U. Hawaii, 1950-1951; postgraduate, University of Virginia, summer 1964; postgraduate, Mysore (India) U., summer 1965; postgraduate, Tyler School Art, Temple University, summer 1967.
Faculty, College William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, since 1947; professor fine arts, College William and Mary, 1966-1982; professor emeritus, College William and Mary, since 1982; William and Mary Heritage fellow, College William and Mary, 1968-1982. Founding board member 20th Century Gallery, Williamsburg. Active judge various art groups.
Served to commander of The United States Navy Reserve, 1941-1945, 50-52. Retired Reserve; Fellow International Institute Arts and Letters. Member American Audubon Artists, Fulbright Association, Reserve Officers Association American, Virginia Watercolor Society, Navy League United States, Williamsburg German Club, Middle Plantation Club, Masons, Lambda Chi Alpha.
Married Virginia M. Gorman, August 23, 1942.