Bachelor summa cum laude, Barnard College, 1941; Master of Arts, Columbia University, 1942; Doctor of Philosophy, Columbia University, 1952.
Lecturer in English, Hunter College, New York City, 1953-1955; director Mass Media award program, Thomas Alva Edison Foundation, New York City, 1955-1957; editorial researcher, NBC-television Sales Department, New York City, 1958-1962; associate editor, Macmillan Public Company. New York City, 1962-1966; senior editor, Macmillan Public Company. New York City, 1966-1970; freelance editor, writer, New York City, since 1970.
Member Women's National Book Association, Editorial Freelancers Association, English Speaking Union, New York Public Library., Planned Parenthood, National Organization for Women, Metropolitan Opera Guild, New York City Opera Guild.