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Charles Foulkes Edit Profile

military personnel

General Charles Foulkes, CC, CB, CBE, DSO, CD was a British-Canadian soldier, and an officer of The Royal Canadian Regiment.

Background

Foulkes was born in Stockton-on-Tees, England and joined the Canadian Army in 1926.

Education

In 1937 he attended the Staff College in Camberley, England.

Career

In 1939, Foulkes was serving as a major with the 3rd Brigade of the 1st Canadian Infantry Division. He went on to be a General Staff Officer with 3rd Canadian Infantry Division. After serving as a Brigade Commander from August 1942, he was appointed General Officer Commanding 2nd Canadian Infantry Division in January 1944 and led the division through the Normandy Campaign.

In November 1944 he was made General Officer Commanding I Canadian Corps in Italy. On 5 May 1945, Foulkes summoned German General Blaskowitz to the Hotel de Wereld ("Hotel the World") in Wageningen to discuss the surrender of German forces in the Netherlands. His Royal Highness Prince Bernhard, acting as commander in chief of the Dutch Interior Forces, attended the meeting as well.

Blaskowitz agreed with all of the proposals made by Foulkes. However, nowhere in the building – some sources claim: nowhere in the whole town – could a typewriter be found. Thus the surrender document could not be typed.

The next day both parties returned, and in the presence of both General Foulkes and Prince Bernhard, Blaskowitz signed the surrender document which in the mean time had been typed. After the war, Foulkes was appointed Chief of the General Staff and, in 1951, the first Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff. He retired in 1960. He taught at Carleton University in 1968 and 1969.

He died in Ottawa in 1969. His medals and other personal artifacts are on display at the Royal Canadian Regiment Museum in London, Ontario.

Achievements

  • In 1968 he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada.