American general in the Civil War, one of the most capable administrators and statesmen among the Civil War generals.American soldier, presidential candidate. Served as Second lieutenant United States Army during Mexican War, 1846, distinguished at battles of Contreras and Churubusco, brevetted First lieutenant, 1847
Hancock, Winfield Scott was born on February 14, 1824 in Montgomery Square, Pennsylvania, United States. Son of Benjamin Franklin and Elizabeth (Hoxworth) Hancock.
When Winfield and his twin brother Hilary were four, the family moved to Norristown. Winfield, an enterprising youth, conducted scientific experiments, wrote poetry, drew caricatures, delivered the town's Fourth of July address at fifteen, and commanded the junior drill company.
Appointed to the Military Academy at West Point at age 16, he excelled in infantry and artillery tactics and ethics but otherwise was a mediocre student, standing only 18th in a class of 25 students. Graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1844.
Served as Second lieutenant United States Army during Mexican War, 1846, distinguished at battles of Contreras and Churubusco, brevetted First lieutenant, 1847. Regimental quartermaster and adjunct on Upper Missouri, 1848-1855. Served as quartermaster with rank captain under General Harvey during Seminole War, 1855.
Accompanied General Harvey expedition to Utah. Commissioned brigadier general, organized and trained newly assembled Army of Potomac, 1861. Served under McClellan in Peninsular Campaign at battles of Antietam and Fredricksburg, 1862, commanded a corps at Battle of Gettysburg, 1863, and at Spottsylvania Court House, where he took 4000 prisoners, 1864.
Commissioned major general, 1862. In command of II Army Corps, 1863. Commissioned brigadier general United States Army, 1864, major general, 1866.
Command of Central Military Department, 1867 commanded Department of Louisiana and Texas, 1867. Commanded Department of Dakota, 1870-1872, Division of the Atlantic, 1872-1886, and Department of East. Unsuccessful Democratic candidate for United States President, 1880.
Served as Second lieutenant United States Army during Mexican War, 1846, distinguished at battles of Contreras and Churubusco, brevetted First lieutenant, 1847.
He wasthe Democratic nominee for President of the United States in 1880.