Mr. Chen graduated from the Wenzhou College (later Wenzhou University) and the University of Nanking in 1917. He went to America for further education in 1923 and received Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees from Columbia University.
Following his return to China in 1926, he acted as manager of the Tung Yih Trust Company, Shanghai and concurrently served as vice-president of Wenchow College. From 1928 till 1931 Mr. Chen was appointed division chief on Foreign Trade in the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Labor, and concurrently, professor of the Central University and the Central Political Institute at Nanking. Chen Chung-sheng was a member of the National Sanitation Commission, Ministry of Interior. He also was a member of the National Tariff Commission, Ministry of Finance.
Mr. Chen served as an economic expert of the National Capital Reconstruction Commission. He was appointed technical expert attached to the Chinese Delegation to the Moscow Conference in 1931. Then Chen Chung-sheng took up the post of a Counsellor of the Ministry of Industries. For several years, he served as a member of the Board of Directors of the University of Nanking and two other educational institutions.