Bachelor, Duke University, 1950. Master of Arts, University Michigan, 1956. Doctor of Philosophy, Harvard College, 1962.
Professor Russian literature Princeton University, professor comparative literature, professor emeritus, since 1999. Member executive committee National Translation Center, Austin, Texas, 1966-1973. Member executive board Translation Center, Columbia University, 1987-1991.
Member fiction jury Creative Arts Awards, Brandeis University, 1991.
With United States Army, 1951-1954, European Theatre of Operations.
Married Jacqueline Duquesne. Children: Katherine, Christopher.