AB, Davidson College, 1928. Master of Arts, Davidson College, 1929. Doctor of Philosophy, University North Carolina, 1948.
Teacher American history in, junior colleges, 1929-1936; camp commander, Civilian Conservation Corps., 1936-1939; member of faculty, U. North Carolina, 1947-1974; professor of history, U. North Carolina, 1957-1974; chairman university scholarship committee, U. North Carolina, 1956-1963; campus coordinator Peace Corps, U. North Carolina, 1968-1972; dean student affairs, U. North Carolina, 1963-1972; professor of history, Rutherford College, 1929-1933; professor of history, Brevard College, 1933-1936; visiting professor, Columbia University, 1950-1951.
Member Agricultural History Society (executive committee 1962-1963, chairman book award committee 1963-1964), North Carolina history associations, University United Methodist Church, Chapel Hill-Carrboro Chamber of Commerce (charter member), Chapel Hill Rotary.
Married Beulah M. Proctor, June 15, 1929.