AB magna cum laude, Winthrop College, 1938. Master of Arts, Columbia University, 1942. Doctor of Education, Columbia University, 1953.
Postgraduate, University Georgia, 1947.
Instructor art Winthrop College, 1938-1943. Professor art, head department Huntingdon College, Alabama, 1946—1952, E. Tennessee State University, 1953-1957, Madison College, 1957—1968. Visiting professor art World Campus Afloat Chapman College, California, 1967.
Professor art James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia, 1968-1983, professor emeritus, 1983—2009. Lieutenant topographical intelligence United States Marine Corps, 1944-1946.
Board directors Rockingham Fine Arts Association, 1980—1985, 1989, Citizens for the Downtown, 1989, Women's Cooperative Council Harrisonburg and Rockingham County, 1976—1979, Valley Council of the Arts, 1998—1999, Shenandoah Council of the Arts, since 1996, president, 1996—2002. Founder OASIS Co-op Gallery, 2000. Member of American Association of University Women (cultural interests representative, national director 1980-1982), Virginia Museum, Virginia Watercolor Society, Mensa, Pi Lambda Theta, Eta Sigma Phi, Kappa Pi.