Bachelor, Tarkio College, 1954. Master of Arts, University Nebraska, 1959. Doctor of Philosophy, University Nebraska, 1965.
Doctor of Laws (honorary), Tarkio College, 1987.
Instructor, Tingly (Iowa) High School, 1954-1955; graduate assistant, U. Nebraska, Lincoln, 1957-1958; assistant professor, Midland College, Fremont, Nebraska, 1958-1961; instructor, U. Nebraska, Lincoln, 1961-1963; professor, U. South Dakot, Vermillion, 1963-1968; dean school business, U. South Dakot, Vermillion, 1968-1989; chief finance officer, Black Hills Corporation, Rapid City, South Dakot, since 1989; also board directors, Black Hills Corporation, Rapid City, South Dakot. Director Wyodak Corporation, Rapid City, since 1979, Western Resources Corporation, Rapid City, since 1986. SP5 United States Army, 1955-1957.
Chairman German Sister Committee, Rapid City, 1991, S. D. Investment Council, Sioux Falls, 1991, Entrepeuneur Committee, Rapid City, 1991. With United States Army, 1955-1957. Member South Dakota Board Regents (dean emeritus 1989), Electric Edison Institute.
Married Barbara Jean Hughes, February 17, 1962. Children: Crystal Ann, James Russell.