Daniel Webster Edit Profile
Graduate Dartmouth, 1801.
At least 3 children, Fletcher, Edward, Julia (Webster) Appleton. Admitted to Massachusetts bar, 1805. Practiced in Portsmouth, N.H., 1807-1816.
Member United States House of Representatives (Federalist) from N.H., 13th-14th congresses, 1813-1817, from Massachusetts, 18th-20th congresses, 1823-1829. Opposed War of 1812 as member commission on foreign relations, defended merc. interests of New England, opposed high tariffs, chairman judicial committee, 1823-1827. Reentered full-time practice of law, 1817.
Achieved reputation leading lawyer in Dartmouth College case, 1819, legal fame also enhanced as counsel for Bank of the United States in McCulloch versus Maryland., 1819. Presidential elector, 1820. Member Massachusetts Constitutional Convention, 1820-1821.
Member Massachusetts House of Representatives, 1822. Built reputation as orator in speeches commemorating landing of Pilgrims, 1820, and Battle of Bunker Hill, 1825. Member United States Senate from Massachusetts, 1827-February 22, 1841, 1845-July 22, 1850.
Advocated high tariffs to protect New England textile industry, gave speech “Reply to Hayne” which earned him reputation as great orator, 1830. Became known as “defender of constitution” for his role in opposing nullification in crisis of 1832-1833, opposed Compromise Tariff of 1833, attacked annexation of Texas in 1845, opposed extension of slavery but believed in right of Southern states to regulate own institutions including slavery, supported Compromise of 1850 in his famous “Seventh of March” speech, defending view that preservation of union transcended anti-slavery in importance, stand on this issue severely criticized by his constituents in Massachusetts. Nominated for United States President by Massachusetts Whigs, 1836.
Received electoral support only in New England. United States secretary state (appointed by President Harrison), 1841-1843, 50-52, negotiated Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842 settling Maine boundary dispute. Wrote “Hulsemann letter” regarding American attitude toward Hungarian revolt.
Aspired to Whig nomination for United States President, 1852.
Member United States House of Representatives (Federalist) from N.H., 13th-14th congresses, 1813-1817, from Massachusetts, 18th-20th congresses, 1823-1829. Member Massachusetts Constitutional Convention, 1820-1821. Member Massachusetts House of Representatives, 1822.
Member United States Senate from Massachusetts, 1827-February 22, 1841, 1845-July 22, 1850.
Married Grace Fletcher, May 29, 1808. Married second, Caroline LeRoy, December 12, 1829.