Doctor of Medicine, Pisa State University, 1984. Special Degree Doctor of Medicine, Scuola Superiore Di Studi University - Son of Anna, Pisa, Italy, 1986. Specialist in Endocrinology, Pisa State University, 1987.
Doctor of Medicine Diabetology ward City Civilian Hospital, Livorno, Italy, 1988—1998, Doctor of Medicine Chief of Endocrinoology, since 1998. Doctor of Medicine Military Navy Hospital, Italy.
Member of Association Medici Diabetologi, Association Medici Endocrinologi, Societa Italiana di Endocrinologia, Society for Endocrinology, American Association Clinical Endocrinologists.