Bachelor of Science, Liceo Science, Alghero, 1976. Doctor of Medicine magna cum laude, University Sassari, 1982.
Visiting scientist King's College Hospital, London, 1978, Royal Free Hospital, London, 1979-1980. Research fellow University California, San Francisco, 1983-1986. Assistant professor medicine Mount Sinai School Medicine, New York City, 1986-1992, clinical fellow medicine, 1992.
Assistant professor medicine University Udine, Italy, 1993-1999, associate professor medical Italy, since 1999. Visiting professor Catholic University, Louvain, Belgium, 1988, University Queensland, Brisbane, Australia, 1990-1991, McGill University, Montreal, 1992, Universite de Rennes, France, 1993. Reviewer Journal Clinical Investigation, Hepatology, American Journal Physiology, Journal Hepatology, Gastroenterology, since 1988.
Consultant National Institutes of Health, 1993.
Member International Association Study Liver, American Association Study Liver Disease, European Association Study Liver, New York Academy of Sciences, New Italian Endoscopic Club, European Study Group of Hepatobiliary Transport, Societa Italiana Gastroenterologia (member foreign commission).