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David Borisovich Riazanov

historian , Revolutionary

David Riazanov, USSR Revolutionary, historian.


Riazanov, David was born on March 10, 1870 in Odessa.


Joined the revolutionary movement, 1887. Active in Odessa and Petersburg. Menshevik, 1903-1917.

Lecturer at the Social Democratic Party school at Longjumeau, 1911. First editor of the collected works of Marx and Engels (in the original German), 2 vols, published in Germany before1916. After the October Revolution1917, joined the Bolsheviks (for a short time leaving the party after Brest-Litovsk).

Founder and director of the Marx-Engels Institute (the chief ideological institution of Marxism) in Moscow, 1921-1931. Edited the collected works of Marx, Engels, Plekhanov, Hegel. Uncharacteristically for Bolshevik Party members, tried courageously to protect his employees from arrest during the Stalinist purges.

Expelled from the party in 1931, dismissed, exiled (at first to Leningrad, later to Saratov). Arrested in 1937, and died in prison.


Religion is bad because it imposes irrational rules of good and bad behaviour.


Every Soviet citizen has rights to express his or her opinion, but it should be in accordance with the general interests of the society.