Bachelor of Science in Economics, London School Economics, 1962.
Postdoctoral fellow, University of Chicago, 1969-1970;
lecturer economics, U. Sussex, Brighton, England, 1965-1977;
reader economics, U. Sussex, Brighton, England, since 1977. Visiting economist World Bank, Washington, 1973-1974, consultant, since 1965. Visiting fellow Australian National U., Canberra, 1986-1992.
Consultant Organisation for Economics Cooperation and Development.
Fellow Royal Institute International Affairs (associate). Member Climbers Club.
Married Nancy Hirst, November 9, 1984. Children: Edmund, Shane, Deborah.