Bachelor of Science, University of California, Berkeley, 1965; Master of Arts, Michigan State University, 1969; Doctor of Philosophy, Michigan State University, 1973.
Lecturer department agricultural economics Michigan State University, East Lansing, 1971-1972. Assistant professor economics department Vanderbilt University, Nashville, 1972-1979. Assistant professor department community medicine Meharry Medical College, 1972-1979.
Economist, health economist United States Agency for International Development, Washington, 1979-1982. Visiting professor department community medicine Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, New Hampshire, 1979-1982. Visiting professor department finance and economics and program in health management Boston University, 1983-1986, associate research fellow, 1984—1992.
Senior economist ABT Associates, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1986-1988. Health economist Economic Development Institute World Bank, Washington, 1988-1991, consultant and health economist East Asia region, 1992—1995, task manager for health programs in Ethiopia and Eritrea, Africa region, 1995—1997. Member executive committee, board governors National Council International Health, Washington, 1984-1990.
Convenor Faculty Forum on International Health, Association University Programs in Health Administration, Washington, 1984-1988. Adjunct professor School of Public Health University North Carolina, 1979-1993. Adjunct professor department community and family medicine Dartmouth Medical School, since 1982.
Health services specialist White River Junction Veterans Administration Medical Center, since 2001. Consultant health economist to United Kingdom., Japan governments, Asian Development Bank, since 1999.
Member Am Economics Association, American Public Health Association, African Studies Association.