Doctor of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Paris, 1982.
Intern, Faculty of Nantes, France, 1977-1982; assistant professor, Faculty of Creteil, France, 1982-1984; staff certified anesthesiologist, Faculty of Paris, 1986; professor anesthesiologists and intensive care, Faculty of Paris, since 1990. Director surgical Intensive Care Unit, Lariboisiére University Hospital, Paris, since 1990, director Research.lab., since 1983. Chairman Department Anesthesiology CCM.
Member American Society of Anesthesiology, American College of Chest Physicians, American Physiological Society, European Academy of Anaesthesiology, European Society of Intensive Care Medicine, European Society of Cardiothoracic Anaesthesi, Euroepan society of Anesthesiology, International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, Society Réanimatio et Langue Française, European Society of Anesthesiology.
Married Daniele Bernard, June 26, 1976 (divorced February 1978). Married Carole Rotman, March 1, 1988. Children: Vincent, Guillaume, Chloe.