University of Oregon (Bachelor of Science in Political Science, 1967). Northwestern University (Juris Doctor, 1974). Phi Beta Kappa.
Working as a partner of DONALD H. LANDES. Admitted to the bar, 1974, Oregon. 1975, United States. District Court, District of Oregon. 1985, United States. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.
Coos-Curry Bar Association. Oregon State Bar.