Bachelor of Arts, City College of New York, 1949. Master of Arts, Columbia University, 1952. Doctor of Philosophy, New York University, 1960.
Clinical professor psychology, New York University, New York City, since 1976, professor art, graduate school arts and science, since 1981. Private practice psychology and psychoanalysis, New York City, since 1956.
Served with United States Naval Reserve, 1945-1946. Fellow American Orthopsychiat. Association; member American Psychological assosiation, New York Freudian Society (president, 1974-1978).
Married Louise J. Miller, August 27, 1951. Children: Ann, David.