AB, St. Saint Louis University, 1945; Philosophy, St. Saint Louis University, 1946; Master of Arts, St. Saint Louis University, 1949; Licentiate of Sacred Theology, Woodstocxk (Maryland.) College, 1953; Doctor of Philosophy, University of Pennsylvania, 1960.
Teacher, Xavier High School, New York City, 1946-1947; instructor, Le Moyne College College, Syracuse, New York, 1947-1949; associate editor, America, 1957-1965; editor-in-chief, America, 1968-1975; national director self-evaluation, Society of Jesus, 1965-1968; editor, Catholic Mind, 1968-1975; director information, Society of Jesus, Rome, 1976-1978; secretary for information and communications, Jesuit Conference, Washington, 1978-1988. Lecturer Woodstock College, Institute Religious and Social Studies, Union Theological Seminary, Fordham University.
Member of advisory board Vera Foundation, 1962-1964. Trustee, secretary board Fordham University, 1966-1978, 80-88. Trustee Woodstock College, 1968-1988, Holy Cross College, 1969-1976, Boston College, 1980-1988.
Board directors Appeal of Conscience Foundation, 1971-1988, Institute Religious and Social Studies, 1970-1988. Member American, American Catholic sociological associations, Religious Education Association (board directors 1964-1988), Council Religion and International Affairs (board directors 1970-1988).