Bachelor of Science with academy and military honors, West Virginia University, 1940. Master of Arts, West Virginia University, 1940. Juris Doctor with highest honors, George Washington University.
Commissioned Second lieutenant United States Marine Corps, 1940, advanced through grade to general, 1972. Instructor Sea School, Portsmouth, Virginia, 1941. With United States Ship Yorktown, 1941—1942, Marine Corps Base, San Diego, 2d Marine Division.
Flight instructor United States Marine Corps Air Station, Edenton, North Carolina, 1943—1944. Commander Marine Bomber Squadron 443. Executive officer Marine Aircraft Group 61.
With Office Judge Advocate General. Commanding officer Marine Observation Squadron Six. Assistant chief staff G-1 1st Marine Aircraft Wing.
From instructor to chief air section Marine Corps Educational Center. Staff legal officer 3d Marine Aircraft Wing, 1960—1961. Commander Marine Aircraft Group 36, Santa Ana, California.
Chief staff Military Assistance Advisory Group, 1963—1964. Marine tactical data system program coordinator Headquarters Marine Corps, 1964—1966, deputy chief staff research, development and studies, 1966—1967, special assistant to chief staff, deputy director personnel. Chief staff III Marine Amphibious Force, Vietnam, 1967—1969.
Commanding general Fleet Marine Force, Atlantic, Norfolk, Virginia, 1971—1975. Retired, 1975; board governors American Bar Association, Vienna, since 2001.
Board directors United States Olympic Committee, 1970—1971. Member executive committee Counseil International du Sports Militaire.