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Ekaterina Konstantinovna Breshko-Breshkovskaia


Ekaterina Breshko-Breshkovskaia, USSR Revolutionary.


Breshko-Breshkovskaia, Ekaterina was born on February 3, 1844 in Saratov. Daughter of a Polish nobleman.


Active in the student revolutionary movement from 1873. Populist in her youth, later became one of the organizers and leaders of the SR Party. In exile 1874-1896. Founded with Gershunithe Workers Party for the Liberation of Russia, 1899, which became part of the SRs in 1902.

Emigrated to Switzerland, 1903, then moved to the USA, 1904. Returned to Russia and took part in the 1905 Revolution. Arrested in 1907, and sent to Siberia.

Released at the beginning of the February Revolution 1917 and returned in triumph to Petrograd, affectionately greeted as ‘the grandmother of the Russian revolution’. Condemned the Bolshevik take-over in October 1917. Emigrated again in 1919 to the USA, moved to Czechoslovakia in 1924, and thereafter lived mostly in France.