Bachelor in History, Harvard University, 1963. Juris Doctor, George Washington University, 1972.
Legislation assistant United States Sen. Fred Harris, Washington, 1964—1965. Member congressional liaison staff Office of Secretary Housing and Urban Development, 1965—1966.
Staff director Honorary Chet Holifield, 1967—1969. Associate director Citizens Advocate Center, 1970—1972. Acting regional counsel United States Commission Civil Rights, New York City, 1973—1976, legal consultant Washington, 1977—1981.
Owner, Chief Executive Officer New England Antigenics, Portland, Maine, 1982—2003. Consultant, since 2003. Member Governor of Maine's Trade Mission to Brazil and Argentina, 1997.
Member seminar on defense and national security Brookings Institute, Washington, 1967. Member advance staff Hubert Humphrey Campaign for President, 1968.
Commissioner Portland Civil Service Commission, 2003—2005. Member Maine Regulatory Fairness Board, 2006—2009, member Governor, since 2009, electrical chair. Speech writer Sargent Shriver Campaign for V.P. United States, 1972.
Member of Linnaean Society New York, Baxter Society Maine (founder, 1st president), Caxton Club of Chicago, Book Club of California.
Married Julia Frances Adams, August 29, 1981.