Associate of Arts, Virginia Intermont College, 1945. Bachelor, University North Carolina, 1947. Master of Arts, University North Carolina, 1957.
Reporter, Kingsport (Tennessee) Times-News, 1947-1950; administrative assistant, public relations director, Blue-Cross, Kingsport, Tennessee, 1950-1952; reporter, News Leader, Richmond, Virginia, 1952-1956; director journalism, Stephens College, Columbia, Missouri, 1957-1984; coordinator women's studies, Stephens College, Columbia, Missouri, 1973-1976. Visiting journalism professor College of Santa Fe, 1980-1981. Journalism teacher San Felipe and Santa Clara Pueblos, 1980-1981.
Member League of Women Voters (public chairman since 1994).