He was also known as Lord Perpetual-Nation (永國公 yongguo gong). Born Zhào Bǐng (趙昺) to Emperor Duzong of Song, he was the younger brother of his predecessor, Emperor Duanzong of Song. His mother was Consort Yu (俞修容), who held the rank of Xiurong.
He became Prince Xin (信王) in 1274 Civil Engineering then two years later received the titles of Prince Guang (廣王/广王) and Prince Wei (衛王/卫王).
When he was only eight years old, he was enthroned at Meiyu (梅蔚), Gangzhou (modern Silvermine Bay, Lantau Island, Hong Kong), on 10 May 1278 and his only era named Xiángxīng (祥興). According to the History of Song (宋史) compiled under the Mongol Prime Minister Toqto"a, Emperor Bing is reported to have died at the Battle of Yamen on 19 March 1279.
An official, Lu Xiufu who realized that all was lost, carried him and jumped into the sea from the west side of Fan Lau Cliff, Lantau Island, Hong Kong in an act of defiance to the Mongol invaders. His tomb is in Chiwan, Shenzhen.