Master of Science, Ecole National de L'Aviation, Toulouse, France, 1983; Master of Business Administration, European Institute of Business Administration (Institut Européen d'Administration des Affaires), Fontainebleau, France, 1988.
Engineer, French Civil Aviation Authority, Paris, 1983-1985; project manager, International Civil Aviation Organisation, Montreal, also Dakar, Senegal, 1985-1987; vice president, Credit National, Paris, 1988-1991; general manager, Jet Finance, Paris, 1991-1995; managing director, International Netherlands Group Lease France, Paris, since 1995. Consultant Management and Investment, Europe, Paris, 1989-1991.
Married Maliha Anne Perrault, July 10, 1993. Children: Célia, Louis.