Doctor of Medicine, University Helsinki, Finland, 1956. Specialist in general surgery, 1963. Specialist in orthopedic surgery, 1963.
Registrar surgical department University Central Hospital, Helsinki, 1952, 55, 57. Registrar Orthopaedics Hospital of the Invalid Foundation, 1958-1962, senior registrar, assistant head, 1963-1965. Senior surgeon surgical department Koskela Hospital, 1966-1968.
Senior surgeon, assistant head department orthopaedics & traumatology University Central Hospital, 1969-1977, associate professor clinical surgery department orthopaedics & traumatology, 1978-1988, retired, 1988. Head Dextra Medical Center, Helsinki, 1964-1986, professor, head, from 1987. Secretary meeting Nordic Orthopaedic Association, Helsinki, 1964.
Guest speaker in field.
Military service, 1944-1945. Fellow International College Surgeons (board member 1965-1970, vice president Finnish section 1979-1980, president Finnish section 1981-1985). Member British Orthopaedic Traveling Association (correspondent member), Österreichische Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie (correspondent member), American Orthopaedic Association (correspondent member), Finnish Orthopaedic Association (honorary member, board member 1964-1970), Finska Läkaresällskapet, Finnish Medical Association, Finnish Surgical Association, Finnish Orthopaedic Association, Scandinavian Surgical Association, Scandinavian Orthpaedic Association, European Hip Society (president 1995-1997, president 2nd Domestic Meeting 1996), many others.