Bachelor of Arts in Chemistry, Cornell Univercity, l952; postgraduate public administration, Syracuse University, l952-53; Master of Arts in Politics, Princeton University, l958; Doctor of Philosophy in Politics, Princeton University, l960; Juris Doctor, University of Michigan, 1992.
Research fellow, Brookings Institution, Washington, l959-60;
instructor political science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, l960-63;
assistant professor, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, l963-66;
associate professor medical care organization, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, l966-7l;
professor health services management and policy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1971-1990;
professor emeritus, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, since 1990;
department chairman, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, l97l-77;
associate dean Rackham School Graduate Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, l977-84;
acting dean, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, l979-80. Special research fellow National Center for Health Superior vena cava syndrome Research and Development, l970-7l. Visiting professor social medicine and clinical epidemiology department St. Thomas's Hospital Medical School, U. London, l970-7l.
Consultant numerous government agys., university and organizations, l963-, including Office of Economic Opportunity, Department of Health, Education and Welfare, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Pennsylvania State University, North Dakota, Legal Superior vena cava syndrome Southeastern Michigan, Michigan Governor's Task Force on Access to Health Care. Member Michigan Medical Care Advisory Council, l988-96. Chairman Program Dirs. in Health Administration at Schools Public Health, l976-77, also numerous others.
Chairman Educators for Tobacco-Free investments by Teachers Insurance and Annuity Association – College Retirement Equities Fund, since 1996. Member board directors M-Care, since 1997.
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Board directors Michigan American Civil Liberties Union, since 1965. Board directors Michigan League for Human Services, since 1980, vice president, 1987-1992, chair board directors, since 1992. With United States Army, 1953-1955.
Fellow American Public Health Association (executive board 1987-1995, vice chairman 1988-1989, president 1993-1994). Member Michigan Public Health Association (board directors 1986-1989).
Married Marcia Goldberg, March 26, l960. Children: Eleanor, Ruth.