Doctor of Medicine, University Milan, 1978. Specialization in neurology, University Milan, 1982.
Visiting fellow National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, 1979—1981. Assistant neurologist National Neurological Institute C.Besta, Milan, 1981—1992, assistant head of neurology, 1993, head of neurology, 1994—1995, head laboratory neuropharmacology, since 1996, head department neurobiology and neurorestorative therapy, since 2002. Professor pharmacology University Milan, 1990, since 1995.
Researcher neural stem cells ares First Italian Neural Stem Cells Bank, 1997.
Appointed member Italian National Commission on Stem Cell Research Ministry of Health, 2001.
Married Fabrizia Martita Costa, March 22, 1996 (divorced ). Children: Matia, Nicholas.