Voronezh Cadet Corps
During childhood, he got involved in reading and studying languages (his father had a large and multilingual library). From the age of 11, he was brought up in the Voronezh Cadet Corps, where he became interested in history and literature.
Since 1860 with the recommendation of Pleshcheyev, Fedor Nikolaevich has been publishing poetry, translations, critical articles and reviews in the magazine "Sovremennik", "Epoha, and "Vremya". In 1860-1863 he famed for as Heine’s translator, as well as O. Barbier, W. Hugo, P.J. Beranger, X.K. Andersen, A.G. Elenschleger and others.
In 1863 Fedor Nikolaevich published in the "Sovremennik" several poems and the novel "Zakoulok". In 1864-1868 he lived in the Vologda province, where he is engaged in ethnography, folklore, local history research. In 1869 he returned to Petersburg, acting mainly as a publicist in the journal "Zarya" by V.V. Kashpirev and in "Russky Vestnik". He published the article "The Future of the Nobility" ("Grazhdanin", 1887), which advocates against the property of land ownership as a guarantee of the existence of the nobility.