Log In

Ferdinand Mannlicher Edit Profile


Ferdinand Ritter von Mannlicher was an Austrian architect and little arms originator. Alongside James Paris Lee, Mannlicher was especially noted for imagining the en-coalition cut charger-stacking magazine framework. Later, while making changes to different creators model plans for rotating bolster magazines.


Ferdinand Mannlicher was born on the 30th of January 1848 in Mainz (Germany). His dad, a military authority (k.k.Ober-Feldkriegskommissär) came from Brüx (Bohemia).


Ferdinand Mannlicher moved to the Josef Stadt district of Vienna along with his parents. Here he continued his studies at Matura high-school. Then in 1857, he attended the Vienna University of Technology, At this technical university, he studied Maschinenbau (engineering).


He began his career in 1869 as a worker of the Austrian Southern Railway organization and functioned as a designer at the Emperor Ferdinand Northern Railway organization until 1887.

Mannlicher had early turned his enthusiasm to weapons innovation, especially breech-stacking rehashing rifles. His aspirations were powered by the Austrian thrashing in the 1866 Battle of Königgrätz, which he followed back to the deficient hardware of the Imperial and Royal Army. In 1876 he set out to the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia to think about various development plans and a short time later drafted a few sorts of rehashing rifles with tubular magazines. In 1885/86 he protected the "Mannlicher System" of a breechblock on a jolt activity premise, which was received as an administration rifle by the Austro-Hungarian Army and a few other military.

Mannlicher joined the Austrian Arms Factory organization at Steyr in Upper Austria, which under the name of SteyrMannlicher soon got to be one of the biggest weapon maker in Europe. The model Mannlicher M1895 was generally utilized by the Austro-Hungarian Army up to World War I. In 1887 Mannlicher was granted the third class of the Order of the Iron Crown (Austria), he additionally got the Prussian Order of the Crown and the officier decoration of the French Legion of Honor.

Mannlicher's fruitful plans amid his lifetime were his jolt activity rifles, both military and donning, in both turn jolt and straight-pull activities. Mannlicher likewise built up a few imaginative self-loader handgun outlines in the most recent decade of the nineteenth century.

One of the world's most underrated yet trailblazing guns planners, Ferdinand Ritter con Mannilcher is known for his rifle outlines – however he was additionally a handgun fashioner, and created the primary business "blow forward" gun outline: the delightfully made Steyr-Mannlicher, 1894.

In for all intents and purposes all other autoloading guns the instrument is moved to the back, being driven by the backlash of the shooting cartridge. In the m1894, the same compel that pushes the shot down the barrel is utilized to push the barrel forwars, far from the standing breech. This launch the spent packaging, and as the barrel returns in reverse it strips another round from the magazine.

It was an inventive answer for the issue of controlling the component yet did not make due in the commercial center. Just a couple of different handguns have ever utilized a blow-forward component, making it minimal more than a commentary in guns history, yet it in any case should be perceived for the gigantic ability which delivered it.

Mannlicher served as chief engineer of the Austrian Northern Railroad and afterward joined the Austrian Arms Company, Styr, in 1866. His first rifle outline, a turning-jolt activity, was not a striking achievement; but rather his ensuing plans consolidated numerous propelled advancements and came into wide use in Europe. His first straight-pull, jolt activity rifle (1884) prompted the prominent Model 1885 11-mm Austrian administration rifle. Mannlicher outlined around 150 sorts of rehashing weapons, huge numbers of them programmed. In 1885 he built up the cartridge cut and utilized it as a part of the Model 1885. Later, the clasp was all around received for programmed encouraging guns and rifles. Later he died on January 20, 1904 (aged 55) ,Vienna, Austria-Hungary.

Mannlicher presented a few programmed rifle outlines that were unsuccessful, however relatively revolutionary. He presented central rule that were utilized by later architects, frequently effectively. Mannlicher's Model 85 self loading rifle utilized his force worked activity initially created in 1883; it foreseen the pulling back barrel framework utilized later as a part of plans like the German MG 34 and MG 42 automatic weapons, and the M1941 Johnson assault rifle. The Model 85 would have fit the same strategic part as the American BAR or British Bren of World War II notoriety.

Mannlicher composed two quick firing rifles both called Model 93, one in light of his turn-jolt rifle and the other in view of his straight-pull rifle. The rifles had a backlash spring lodging behind the jolt and the jolt locking carries were also calculated. In this framework there was no withdrawing barrel nor gas cylinder as with other rifle-bore autoloading outlines, so the system was straightforward.The Model 95 self loading rifle was gas worked utilizing a slide with the positioning handle on its side and gas cylinder at its front to work the jolt, with the force spring working on the slide. Stacking was with the Mannlicher parcel clasp of cartridges embedded into the magazine from the top. These elements were additionally utilized as a part of the later U.S. M1 Garand rifle. The US M1 carbine utilized a short stroke cylinder to grant energy to a slide that opened the jolt, consolidating highlights presented in the Mannlicher Model 95 and Model 100.

The Model 1905 utilized a short force activity with a tilting locking piece. This was same guideline Mannlicher utilized as a part of his 1901 gun gauge carbine. In any case, for the rifle he scaled it up to 8millimeterMauser, the standard German military rifle cartridge.


  • He has patents in U.S for the following accomplishments:

    o Repeating Firearm. April 12, 1892. (Rifle)

    o Feed Mechanism for Magazine-Guns. Conceded April 24, 1894. (Rifle)

    o Automatic Firearm. Conceded April 27, 1897. (Rifle)

    o Automatic Firearm. Conceded April 27, 1897. (Gun, SteyrMannlicher M1894)

    o Automatic Firearm. Conceded May 19, 1903. (Rifle)

    o Small-Arm Having Automatic Breech-Action. Conceded November 14, 1905. (Rifle, allowed after death)


As Ferdinand Mannlicherwas born in Austria, he followed Christianity from his childhood. He never indulged in spreading Christianity or any such activities in the future, as his interest was all towards rifle engineering and weapons technology.


Ferdinand Mannlicher, from the start of his career was only interested in weapons designing and never had any political interests. Though he became famous for his rifle engineering, and supplied war related weapons to the imperial army he never had involved with politics beyond his limits and so he never had shared his political views for his country.


Mannlicher's rifles, which extraordinarily permitted the stacking a container magazine in one movement initially created first in 11mm and since 1888 in 8mm gauge, were received by the Austrian Army in 1886 to supplant the Werndl rifles (last upgraded as M.1895), in the German Army as M/88 and in the armed forces of Italy, Romania, Portugal, Switzerland, Bulgaria, the Netherlands and France (as Karabiner Berthier) and also in a few states outside Europe, for case the principal "down to earth" test of his self loading rifles was the common war in Chile in 1890!


Malincher was a veryhonourable person in Austria. During his schooling, he was also a bright student and showed keen interest in learning new subjects and experiments. He was a profoundly knowledgable person in engineering.

Physical Characteristics : Mannlicher had early turned his enthusiasm to weapons innovation, especially breech-stacking rehashing rifles. His aspirations were powered by the Austrian fall in the 1866 Battle of Königgrätz, which he followed back to the insufficient gear of the Imperial and Royal Army.

  • “"Ferdinand Mannlicher is the greatest Austrian gun designer and inventor, his patents will be used in the future too"”


  • Other Interests



Ferdinand Mannlichercame from a bourgeois family, which had settled quite a while ago in Bohemia. Mannilcher was born in a city called Mainz, Germany, where his dad was working as a k.k. official in the Austrian battalion at the Confederation Fortress.

Following are his immediate family members.

• Parents : Josef Mannlicher(father) and AlbertinaMannlicher (mother)

• Spouse : CäcilieMannlicher

• Childrens: Albertine von Manndorff and Cäcilie Rostock

• Siblings: Marie Mannlicher; Karl Mannlicher and Friedrich Mannlicher

Josef Mannlicher

Albertina Mannlicher

Cäcilie Mannlicher

Marie Mannlicher

Karl Mannlicher

Friedrich Mannlicher

Cäcilie Rostock

Albertine von Manndorff