Doctor of Pharmacy, Milano, 1975.
Visiting associate National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, 1979—1982. Assistant professor University Milano, 1982—1986, University Roma "Tor Vergata", 1986—2001, associate professor, since 2001. Associate editor Pharmacological Research, Italy, 1997—2008, editorial board member, since 2008, Nutritional Neurosci., since 1998.
Infirmary assistant, 1977-1978, Alpine Army, Merano.
Member of Italian Society Pharmacology.