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Francis Asbury Shoup

educator , general , lawyer , military , minister

Francis Asbury SHOUP, General, military, lawyer, minister, educator.


SHOUP, Francis Asbury was born on March 22, 1834 in Laurel, Indiana, United States, United States. Son of the merchant George Grove Shoup and his wife Jane (Conwell).


Graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1855.


He attended Asbury University (later DePauw University) in Indiana and graduated fifteenth in a class of thirty-four from the U.S. Military Academy in 1855. He had three children by his 1870 marriage to Ester Habersham Elliott, daughter of Episcopal Bishop Stephen Elliott. Shoup had garrison duty at Key West and Fort Moultrie and was promoted to second lieutenant in the U.S. Army in 1855.

He fought the Seminoles in Florida in 1856-1858. In 1860, he resigned from the service to study law, and he was admitted to the St. Augustine bar the following year. When the Civil War began, he volunteered for service in the Confederate Army.

Shoup, who served at a battery at Fernandina, Florida, in 1861, became a major of artillery in a Kentucky regiment in October 1861 and served as General William Hardee’s chief of artillery at the battle of Shiloh in March 1862. He was inspector of artillery under P.G.T. Beauregard and was General Thomas C. Hindman’s chief of artillery in Arkansas, where he fought al Prairie Grove in December 1862. On September 12, 1862, he was promoted to brigadier general, and the following April he went to Mobile as chief of artillery to General Simon B. Buckner.

After serving as a brigade commander during the siege of Vicksburg, Shoup was General Joseph E. Johnston’s chief of artillery during the Atlanta campaign in 1864, and he saved the guns during the retreat of the Army of Tennessee. He constructed the works of the Chattahoochee River and became General John B. Hood’s chief of staff in Tennessee late in 1864. Shoup also requested that the Confederate Congress approve the enlistment of Negro troops in the Confederate Army.

There is no record of his surrender. In 1865, Shoup taught mathematics at the University of Mississippi. Three years later, he was ordained an Episcopal priest, and he was later rector of churches at Waterford, New York, Nashville, and New Orleans.

From 1869 to 1883, he taught metaphysics at the University of the South in Sewanee, Tennessee. He also taught engineering, physics, and mathematics there in 1883.


"Peculiar institution" of slavery was not only expedient but also ordained by God and upheld in Holy Scripture.


Stands for preserving slavery, states' rights, and political liberty for whites. Every individual state is sovereign, even to the point of secession.


Married Esther Habersham Elliott, 1870, 3 children.

George Grove Shoup

Jane (Conwell) Shoup

Esther Habersham Elliott